Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) in Rats
From the RMCA web site, December 2007
This condition is under-diagnosed and frequently mistaken for respiratory infection. It is often CONCURRENT with respiratory infection, making diagnosis more difficult.
Please read the Rat Guide - http://ratguide.com/health/cardiovascular/congestive_heart_failure.php
Rat Health Care, Deb Ducommun;
Schwertz, D et al, Sex differences in the response of rat heart ventrical to calcium, Bio Res for Nursing, Vol. 5, No. 4, 286-298 (2004);
L-Carnitine: a potential treatment for blocking apoptosis and preventing skeletal muscle myopathy in heart failure, Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 283: C802-C810 (2002);
Schoekess, BO et al, Propionyl L-carnitine improvement of hypertrophied rat heart function is associated with an increase in cardiac efficiency, Eur J Pharmacol, #286, 155-156, (1995 Nov. 14);
Hann, J et al, Protective effect of taurine against free radicals damage in the rat myocardium, Exper & Tox Path 56(3):189-94, (2004 Dec.);
Sener, G et al, L-carnitine ameliorates oxidative damage due to chronic renal failure in rats, J Cardiov Pharm 43(5):698-705, (2004 May).